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Absence of a strong, deep-reaching Antarctic Circumpolar Current zonal flow across the Tasmanian gateway during the Oligocene to early Miocene.
詳細信息       來源:Global & Planetary Change    發布日期:2022年8月12日
  • 標題:Absence of a strong, deep-reaching Antarctic Circumpolar Current zonal flow across the Tasmanian gateway during the Oligocene to early Miocene.
  • 關鍵詞:ACC;CDW;Deep ocean circulation;Neodymium isotope ratios;Oligocene-early Miocene;Tasmanian Gateway
  • 作者:Dimitris Evangelinos, Carlota Escuti, Tina van de Flierdt , Luis Valero,Jos′e-Abel Flores, David M. Harwood, Frida S. Hoem, Peter Bijl, Johan Etourneau,Katharina Kreissig, Katrina Nilsson-Kerr, Liam Holder, Adri′an L′opez-Quir′os,Ariadna Salabarnada

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The vigorous eastward flow of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) connects all major ocean basins and plays a prominent role in the transport of heat, carbon and nutrients around the globe. However, the establishment of a deep circumpolar flow, similar to the present-day ACC, remains controversial thereby obscuring our understanding of its climatic impact. Deciphering the chemical composition of Circumpolar Deep Water (CDW) within the ACC can provide critical insights about its development and evolution. Here we present new fossil fish teeth/bone debris neodymium isotope (ε Nd) records from Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) Sites 278 and 274 in the southwest Pacific Ocean, with the aim to trace changes in deep water masses across the Tasmanian Gateway between the early Oligocene and early Miocene (~ 33–22 Ma). Site 274 provides the first Nd isotope record proximal to the Ross Sea during the Oligocene (33.5–23.4 Ma). Its Nd isotope composition shows excursions to very radiogenic values, ε Nd(t) = ?3.1 and ε Nd(t)= ? 3.7, at 33.5 Ma and 23.8 Ma, respectively, in response to major steps in Antarctic ice sheet expansion. A shift to lower, more unradiogenic ε Nd(t) values between 29.7 and 29.1 Ma is linked to an increased influence of proto-CDW upwelling at the site. In contrast, the Nd isotope record from Site 278 in the southern Emerald Basin shows little variability (ε Nd(t) = ?6.0 to ?6.7) throughout the Oligocene and early Miocene (30.9–21.8 Ma). Comparison with published data north of the ACC path, demonstrates the presence of two deep water masses in the South Pacific prior to the inferred onset of the ACC (33–30 Ma), one occupying depths between ~2500 and 3000 m (ε Nd(t)= ~ ?3 to ?5) and a deep/bottom water mass (> 3000 m) with a more unradiogenic Nd isotope composition (ε Nd(t)= ~ ?6). Site 278 located close to the proto-polar front (proto-PF) indicates that following the inferred onset of the ACC, deep waters bathing the southern Emerald Basin remained more radiogenic in the Southwest Pacific compared to sites along the proto-PF in the South Atlantic and Indian Ocean (ε Nd(t)= ~ ?8.1). This indicates a provinciality in Nd isotope compositions of deep waters along the proto-PF across the Tasmanian Gateway. Our data are incompatible with the existence of a modern-like homogenous (lateral and vertical) Nd isotope composition of CDW along the main flow path of the ACC in all oceanic basins in the Oligocene to early Miocene. We attribute distinct Nd isotope compositions of deep waters across the Tasmanian Gateway to reflect a less deep reaching and weaker ACC (proto-ACC) than today. Our findings suggest that the modern strong and deep-reaching ACC flow must have been developed at a later point in the Neogene. ? Distinct Nd isotope compositions of proto-CDW persisted on both sides of the Tasmanian Gateway until at least 22 Ma. ? A modern-like strong, deep-reaching Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) flow did not develop before 22 Ma. ? Major steps in Antarctic ice expansion in the early and late Oligocene are reflected in seawater chemistry off the Ross Sea.  

 

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